# The Metric System

The metric system is a system of measurement that uses the meter, liter, and gram as base units of length (distance), capacity (volume), and weight (mass) respectively. To measure smaller or larger quantities, we use units derived from the metric units.

The metric system has been adopted by most countries because it is an easy system to use. Everything is based on the number ten. This is called a decimal system. Basically, all you need to do in order to change numbers to larger or smaller units is multiply or divide them by ten.

The Metric System
 1000's 100's 10's 1's 10's 100's 1000's x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 x 10 → → → → → → Kilometer hectometer decameter meter decimeter centimeter millimeter Kilogram hectogram decagram gram decigram centigram milligram Kiloliter hectoliter decaliter liter deciliter centiliter milliliter : 10 : 10 : 10 : 10 : 10 : 10 ← ← ← ← ← ←
What = What
milliliter centiliter deciliter liter cubic xx3
1 ml = 0.1 cl = 0.01 dl = 0.001 l. = 1 cc = 1 cm3
10 ml = 1 cl = 0.1 dl = 0.01 l. = 10 cc = 10 cm3
100 ml = 10 cl = 1 dl = 0.1 l = 100 cc = 100 cm3
1000 ml = 100 cl = 10 dl = 1.0 l = 1000 cc = 1 dm3

## Metric system versus imperial system

Only three countries – the U.S., Liberia and Myanmar – still (mostly or officially) stick to the imperial system, which uses distances, weight, height or area measurements that can ultimately be traced back to body parts or everyday items. The biggest reasons the U.S. hasn't adopted the metric system are simply time and money. When the Industrial Revolution began in the country, expensive manufacturing plants became a main source of American jobs and consumer products.

Sometimes it is quite annoying and confusing, all those different units that you encounter in recipes. A unit is a measure in which the ingredients in a recipe can be expressed numerically. This way you know exactly where you stand if a recipe prescribes 250 grams of flour or 100 milliliters of water.

When recipes from across your country border are used, then you might find units such as teaspoon, tablespoon and cup. And these might not be the same in size as the teaspoon, tablespoon and cup wich is used in your country. Pfff...what a situation! That is why we have listed several of those units on this page. ## Teaspoon, Tablespoon, Cup

 1 teaspoon = 5 ml. 1 tablespoon = 15 ml. 1/4 cup = 60 ml. 1/3 cup = 80 ml. 1/2 cup = 120 ml. 1 cup = 240 ml.
• Teaspoons are also expressed
as tsp or t
• Tablespoons are also expressed
as tbsp, tb or TB

## Exceptions

However, at 2.5 ml, the Dutch teaspoon is significantly smaller than the English teaspoon, which indicates 5 ml. See the overview below.
 1 theelepel (tl) = 2,5 ml. 1 koffielepel (kl) = 4,5 ml. 1 eetlepel (el) = 12 ml. 1 kopje = 125 ml.

## Units of weight from UK

 1 pound (UK) = 453,5 gram 1 ounce (UK) = 28,3 gram 1 dram (UK) = 1,77 gram 1 grain (UK) = 64,8 milligram

## Some other content sizes

 1 quart (UK) = 1,14 ltr. 1 quart (US) = 9,46 dl. 1 pint (UK) = 5,68 dl. 1 pint (US) = 4,73 dl. 1 gill (UK) = 1,42 dl. 1 gill (US) = 1,18 dl. 1 ounce (UK) = 2,84 cl. 1 ounce (US) = 2,96 cl. 1 drachm (UK) = 3,55 ml. 1 dram (US) = 3,70 ml. 1 pond (NL) = 500 gr. disclaimer | w3schools | GFDL | GoodFon.com | pixabay | lookandlearn.com | pexels |pinterest | pxhere.com | unsplash.com
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