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Nail polish homemade. Nice to make it yourself

Nail polish

First and foremost, a nail polish should be very easy to iron on. It is clear that no special skill in lacquering can be demanded from a lady. The consistency of the lacquer must therefore be regulated in such a way that a fairly large amount of lacquer can be applied, which quickly flows into an absolutely smooth layer.

The drying time must be such that when the fingers of the second hand are ready, the varnish on the first hand is already dry. This makes it possible to brush the nails twice with the varnish to achieve the best possible result.

The dry lacquer must of course dry completely without pimples and without brush strokes. Furthermore, the paint must retain its shine for about 5 to 7 days and must not peel or crack during that time.

Nitrocellulose is commercially available in a very large number of varieties. For nail polishes, nitrocellulose is generally used, which provides the thinnest solutions. This kind of collodion, the ½-sec nitrocellulose, is made in two subspecies, one of which is normally soluble in the solvents such as acetone, butylacetate, arnylacetate, etc. The other kind is especially soluble in alcohol, so also in our common spirits. However, the coatings of this type are generally not as strong as those of the normally soluble nitrocellulose. For nail polishes, therefore, one generally takes the normal kind.

The most commonly used solvents are: ethyl acetate, absolute alcohol, butyl acetate, butyl alcohol. amyl acetate, glycol ethers and acetone oil. The solvents usually used for cutting, eg benzene, toluene and petrol, should not be used for nail polishes.

The composition of the solvent mixture must be selected in such a way that the paint dries completely clear and translucent under all circumstances. In addition, it must also keep the resin additives in solution until complete drying. In general, about 50% solvent with a boiling point below 100℃ is used, so that the paint dries quickly enough. An excess of volatile solvents is avoided, as the paint tends to dry white in damp weather. To be absolutely sure, a certain percentage of very high-boiling solvents is generally added. The glycol ethers used for this purpose also have the property of taking with them traces of water, which may be present in the lacquer, when evaporating.

Since nitrocellulose alone dries too hard and too brittle, a small amount of a substance is added to the lacquer, which dissolves the nitrocellulose and thereby makes it softer and more elastic. For example, castor oil, tricresyl phosphate, dibutyl phthalate, butyl stearate and camphor are used for this purpose. Dibutyl phthalate generally gives the best results for nail polish.

Resins are added to increase the gloss. Here one has the choice between natural resins, which generally require additional pre-treatment, and the new synthetic resins, which are immediately ready for use. The resins are previously dissolved separately in the appropriate solvent.

Mixing the ingredients is best done in glass, enamel or tin-plated equipment.


Nail polish

Recipe no. 1. (1936)
½-sec collodion 24 dl
Ethyl acetate 25 dl
Butyl alcohol 5 dl
Toluol 48 dl
Dammar solution 19 dl
Ethyl glycol acetate 4 dl
Dibutyl phthalate 2 dl
Tricresyl Phosphate 2 dl
Butyl acetate 25 dl
  • The dammar solution is made by dissolving 4 kg of dammar resin in 3½ l of a mixture consisting of: 15% ethyl acetate, 15% acetone and 70% benzol.
  • Then 2½ l methyl alcohol is added.
  • Part of the resin, the waxy components, is then precipitated.
  • The solution is allowed to stand for some time and then the clear solution is carefully poured off.

Recipe no. 2. (1936)
Dry in alcohol
 soluble collodion 12 dl
Shellac 1 dl
Castor oil 1 dl
Ethyl alcohol 50 dl
Ethyl acetate 20 dl
Butyl alcohol 5 dl
Amyl alcohol 6 dl
Acetone oil 5 dl

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